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2021 iThome 鐵人賽

DAY 12
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Mobile Development

Flutter with GetX, loading*175%歷程 系列 第 12

[Day12] Flutter with GetX cached_network_image 圖片緩存

cached_network_image

圖片緩存 原生平台 iOS的話是Swift Kingfisher

我們一樣先再次封裝一層,construct給imageUrl圖片路徑,
還有讀取時候的placeholderPath佔位圖,
而裡面的imagUrlPrefix則是,一般情況會有固定的網域, API給的是圖片的路徑.
裡面有placeholder,imageBuilder, errorWidget
placeholder, errorWidget這兩者 可以顯示成同一個,或依需求去替換.

import 'package:cached_network_image/cached_network_image.dart';
import 'package:flutter/material.dart';

class ImageCached extends StatefulWidget {

const ImageCached(
    {Key? key, required this.imageUrl, this.placeholderPath = ''})
    : super(key: key);

    final String imageUrl;
    final String placeholderPath;

    @override
    _ImageCachedState createState() => _ImageCachedState();
}

class _ImageCachedState extends State<ImageCached> {

    String placeholderPath = '';
    static const imagUrlPrefix = 'https://www.solivatech.com';
    String imageUrl = '';

    @override
    void initState() {
        super.initState();
        placeholderPath = widget.placeholderPath;
        imageUrl = imagUrlPrefix + widget.imageUrl;
    }

    @override
    Widget build(BuildContext context) {
        return CachedNetworkImage(
            placeholder: (context, url) {
                return (placeholderPath.isEmpty)
                    ? Icon(Icons.photo_library)
                    : Image.asset(placeholderPath, fit: BoxFit.contain);
        },
        imageUrl: imageUrl,
        imageBuilder: (context, imageProvider) {
            return Container(
                    decoration: BoxDecoration(
                    image: DecorationImage(
                    image: imageProvider,
                    fit: BoxFit.contain,
                    ),
                ),
            );
        },
        errorWidget: (context, url, error) {
            return (placeholderPath.isEmpty)
                ? Icon(Icons.image_not_supported_outlined)
                : Image.asset(placeholderPath, fit: BoxFit.contain);
            },
          );
        }
}

實際使用

class CachedImagePage extends GetView<CachedImagePageController> {
  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(title: Text('CachedImagePage')),
      body: SafeArea(
        child: SizedBox.expand(
          child: Column(
            mainAxisAlignment: MainAxisAlignment.center,
            children: [
              Expanded(
                child: ImageCached(
                    imageUrl:
                        '/assets/uploads/media-uploader/flutter-app-development-company1623499975.jpg'),
              ),
            ],
          ),
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

效果如下(第一次打開的時候會先有個Icon 佔位圖,回上一頁再次點開, 圖片直接顯示)
rMum0gcP1rSsHTY2dAUl

本篇的GitHub source code

下一篇將為大家介紹 qr_flutter(產) & qr_code_scanner(掃)


上一篇
[Day11] Flutter with GetX flutter toast & Overlay
下一篇
[Day13] Flutter with GetX qr_flutter & qr_code_scanner
系列文
Flutter with GetX, loading*175%歷程 30

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