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React Native與Android交互

ImL1s 2018-02-10 03:48:4413442 瀏覽

React Native與Android交互

  • author: ImL1s
  • email: iml1s@outlook.com
  • github: clickme

Android引用React Native Component

步驟

1. 新建一個Android專案

  1. 在Android專案根目錄下執行以下指令,提示大部分按enter就好了

    npm init

  2. 繼續執行

    npm install react react-native --save

  3. 這時Android的目錄會是以下的樣子

    -YourProjectName
    |-.gradle
    |-.idea
    |-app
    |-build
    |-gradle
    |-node_modules
    |-.gitignore
    |-YourProjectName.iml
    |-build.gradle
    |-gradle.properties
    |-gradlew
    |-gradlew.bat
    |-local.properties
    |-npm-debug.log
    |-package.json
    |-settings.gradle
    |-yarn.lock
    
  4. package.json的內容應該為下,react和react-native版本會隨著時間推移改變

    {
      "name": "YourProjectName",
      "version": "1.0.0",
      "description": "",
      "main": "index.js",
      "scripts": {
        "test": "echo \"Error: no test specified\" && exit 1"
      },
      "author": "",
      "license": "ISC",
      "dependencies": {
        "react": "^16.2.0",
        "react-native": "^0.52.2"
      }
    }
    
  5. 接著開啟Android專案的root gradle,將剛剛npm下載的react native
    Android library放到repositories中

    allprojects {
        repositories {
            jcenter()
            maven { url 'https://maven.google.com' }
            // 將node_modules中Android相關的lib放到maven引用中
            maven {
                // All of React Native (JS, Android binaries) is installed from npm
                url "$rootDir/node_modules/react-native/android"
            }
        }
    }
    
  6. 接著到app的gradle中,將react native相關的lib引入

    dependencies {
    	 ... ...
       	compile "com.facebook.react:react-native:+" // From node_modules.
    }
    
  7. 配置完成,打開MainActivity,在onCraete中

     //檢查權限:讓使用者打開懸浮視窗權限以便開發中的紅屏錯誤能正確顯示
        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.M) {
            if (!Settings.canDrawOverlays(this)) {
                Intent intent = new Intent(Settings.ACTION_MANAGE_OVERLAY_PERMISSION,
                        Uri.parse("package:" + getPackageName()));
                startActivityForResult(intent, 154);
            }
        }
            
    
  8. Android端的作業做得差不多了,現在來寫一下react native的部分吧,在Android專案根目錄新增一個目錄js,在裡面新增一個index.js,這個就是等等Activity要用來顯示的react native component

    import React from 'react';
    import {
      AppRegistry,
      StyleSheet,
      Text,
      View
    } from 'react-native';
    	
    class HelloWorld extends React.Component {
      render() {
        return (
          <View style={styles.container}>
            <Text style={styles.text}>I'm React Native Text</Text>
          </View>
        )
      }
    }
    var styles = StyleSheet.create({
      container: {
        flex: 1,
        justifyContent: 'center',
      },
      text: {
        fontSize: 20,
        textAlign: 'center',
        margin: 10,
      },
    });
    	
    AppRegistry.registerComponent('MyReactNativeApp', () => HelloWorld);
    	
    
  9. 接下來在Activity中

    	class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {
    	
        private ReactRootView mReactRootView;
        private ReactInstanceManager mReactInstanceManager;
    	
        @Override
        protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
            super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
    	
            mReactRootView = new ReactRootView(this);
            mReactInstanceManager = ReactInstanceManager.builder()
                    .setApplication(getApplication())
                    // 在asset文件夾中,打包過的react native js文件名稱
                    .setBundleAssetName("index.android.bundle")
                    .addPackage(new MainReactPackage())
                    .setUseDeveloperSupport(BuildConfig.DEBUG)
                    .setInitialLifecycleState(LifecycleState.RESUMED)
                    .build();
    	
            // 第二個參數"MyReactNativeApp"為React Native中的AppRegistry.registerComponent的第一個參數
            mReactRootView.startReactApplication(mReactInstanceManager, "MyReactNativeApp", null);
    	
            setContentView(mReactRootView);
        }
    }
    
  10. 將剛剛寫好的react native component打包成bundle,給ReactInstanceManager使用,bundle會放在Android的asset下

    react-native bundle --platform {{平台}} --entry-file {{入口文件,一般命名index.js}} --bundle-output {{打包好的bundle存放路徑}} --assets-dest {{react native引用的資源文件置放路徑}}
    	
    react-native bundle --platform android --entry-file ./app/js/index.js --bundle-output app/src/main/assets/index.android.bundle --assets-dest app/src/main/res/
    
  11. 恭喜!執行App,看到React Native的介面

Android 呼叫 React Native Component

  1. 新增一個implement ReactContextBaseJavaModule的class,這個class是最終與react native通信的類

    class ToastAndroidModule(private val reactContext: ReactApplicationContext) :
        ReactContextBaseJavaModule(reactContext) {
    
        /**
         * react native call android時的模組名稱
         */
        override fun getName(): String {
            return "ToastAndroidModule"
        }
    	
        /**
         * react native call(->) android
         */
        @ReactMethod // 此註解代表要expose給react native的方法
        fun HandleMessage(message: String) {
            Toast.makeText(reactContext, message, Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show()
        }
    	
        /**
         * android call(->) react native
         */
        fun sendMessage(params: String) {
            reactContext
                    .getJSModule(DeviceEventManagerModule.RCTDeviceEventEmitter::class.java)
                    .emit("mEventName", params)
        }
    }
    
  1. 新增一個implement ReactPackage的Package,此類底下會有許多NativeModule(就是第一步驟寫的),必須將此類放入react native API,才能進行溝通

    class AndroidWidgetPackage : ReactPackage {
    
        private var nativeModules: MutableList<NativeModule>? = null
    	
        override fun createNativeModules(reactContext: ReactApplicationContext): List<NativeModule> {
            // 在這裡將需要溝通原生模組放入list並回傳,這樣就等於將原生註冊到react native
            nativeModules = ArrayList()
            nativeModules!!.add(0, ToastAndroidModule(reactContext))
            return nativeModules as ArrayList<NativeModule>
        }
    	
        override fun createViewManagers(reactContext: ReactApplicationContext): List<ViewManager<*, *>> {
            return Collections.emptyList()
        }
    	
        /**
         * 方便取得AndroidModule的方法
         */
        fun getModule(index: Int): NativeModule? {
            return if (nativeModules == null) null else nativeModules!![index]
        }
    	
        fun getToastModule(): ToastAndroidModule {
            return getModule(0) as ToastAndroidModule
        }
    }
    
  2. 撰寫React Native的Component,此Component功能很簡單,點擊按鈕呼叫第一部撰寫的ToastAndroidModule中的HandleMessage,然後就會看到Toast出現

     import React from 'react';
     import {
       AppRegistry,
       StyleSheet,
       Text,
       View,
       TouchableOpacity,
       Dimensions,
       NativeModules,
       ToastAndroid,
       DeviceEventEmitter
     } from 'react-native';
    	
    export default class Communication3 extends React.Component {
    	
          constructor(){
            super();
            this.state = {
                info : "我是React Native寫的內容"
            }
          }
    	
        componentWillMount(){
          DeviceEventEmitter.addListener('mEventName',
                               this.rnMethod.bind(this));
        }
    	
        rnMethod(params){
          this.setState({info:params});
        }
    	
       render() {
         return (
           <TouchableOpacity style={styles.container}>
              <View style={{width:Dimensions.get('window').width,height:50,margin:10,
                  backgroundColor:'#dfd',alignItems:'center',justifyContent:'center'}}>
                    <Text style={styles.hello}>{this.state.info}</Text>
              </View>
           </TouchableOpacity>
         )
       }
     }
     var styles = StyleSheet.create({
       container: {
         flex: 1,
         justifyContent: 'center',
       }
    });
    	
    
  3. 將剛剛寫好的react native component打包成bundle,給ReactInstanceManager使用,bundle會放在Android的asset下

    react-native bundle --platform {{平台}} --entry-file {{入口文件,一般命名index.js}} --bundle-output {{打包好的bundle存放路徑}} --assets-dest {{react native引用的資源文件置放路徑}}
    	
    react-native bundle --platform android --entry-file ./app/js/index.js --bundle-output app/src/main/assets/index.android.bundle --assets-dest app/src/main/res/
    	
    
  4. 接下來撰寫Activity的View

    <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
    <LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
        android:id="@+id/root_view"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:orientation="vertical">
        <Button
            android:id="@+id/native_btn"
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="40dp"
            android:layout_margin="10dp"
            android:background="#ddf"
            android:text="我是原生按鈕點擊我調用React Native方法" />
    	        
        <com.facebook.react.ReactRootView
            android:layout_weight="1"
            android:id="@+id/react_root_view1"
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content" />
    	        
    </LinearLayout>
    	
    
  5. 最後就是要將ReactPackage註冊到React Native API中了

    class ReactCommunicationActivity : AppCompatActivity() {
    	    
        private var mReactRootView: ReactRootView? = null
        private var mReactInstanceManager: ReactInstanceManager? = null
        private var reactPackage: AndroidWidgetPackage? = null
        private var mClickTime = 0
    	
        override fun onCreate(savedInstanceState: Bundle?) {
            super.onCreate(savedInstanceState)
            setContentView(R.layout.activity_react_comunucatuin)
    	        
            mReactRootView = ReactRootView(this)
            reactPackage = AndroidWidgetPackage()
            mReactInstanceManager = ReactInstanceManager.builder()
                    .setApplication(application)
                    .setBundleAssetName("index.android.bundle")
                    .setJSMainModulePath("index")
                    .addPackage(MainReactPackage())
                    .addPackage(reactPackage)   //加入AndroidModule
                    .setUseDeveloperSupport(BuildConfig.DEBUG)
                    .setInitialLifecycleState(LifecycleState.RESUMED)
                    .build()
    	
            // 注意這裡的MyReactNativeApp必須對應“index.android.js”中的
            // “AppRegistry.registerComponent()”的第一個參數
            react_root_view1.startReactApplication(mReactInstanceManager, "Communication2", null)
    	
    
	        //添加本地按鈕的點擊事件
	        native_btn.setOnClickListener {
	            reactPackage!!.getToastModule().sendMessage("這是一條Android發送給React的消息${mClickTime++}")
	        }
	    }
	}
  1. 點擊按鈕,成功調用原生的Toast方法

React Native Component 呼叫 Activity

  1. 在上一部的基礎上,在View加上

    <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
    <LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
        android:id="@+id/root_view"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:orientation="vertical">
    
    <Button
        android:id="@+id/native_btn"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="40dp"
        android:layout_margin="10dp"
        android:background="#ddf"
        android:text="我是原生按鈕點擊我調用React Native方法" />
    
    <com.facebook.react.ReactRootView
        android:layout_weight="1"
        android:id="@+id/react_root_view1"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content" />

    <!--新增一個react view-->
    <com.facebook.react.ReactRootView
        android:layout_weight="1"
        android:id="@+id/react_root_view2"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content" />

	</LinearLayout>
	
  1. 新增一個Component,此Componenet目的為顯示Android端點擊後,反應點擊

    import React from 'react';
    import {
       AppRegistry,
       StyleSheet,
       Text,
       View,
       TouchableOpacity,
       Dimensions,
       NativeModules,
       ToastAndroid
    } from 'react-native';
    	
    export default class Communication extends React.Component {
    	
      onPress = ()=> {
          // 這樣調用原生端方法,show出吐司
          NativeModules.ToastAndroidModule
          .HandleMessage("React Native 呼叫Native来吐司!!");
      }
    	
       render() {
         return (
           <TouchableOpacity style={styles.container} 
           onPress = {this.onPress.bind(this)}>
              <View style={{
              width:Dimensions.get('window').width,
              height:50,
              backgroundColor:'#dfd',
              alignItems:'center',
              justifyContent:'center'
              }}>
                <Text style={styles.text}>
                這是一個React Native按鈕,點擊調用原生Toast方法
                </Text>
              </View>
           </TouchableOpacity>
         )
       }
     }
     var styles = StyleSheet.create({
       container: {
         flex: 1,
         justifyContent: 'center',
       },
       text:{
           fontSize: 20
       }
    });
    
  2. 打包js

    # react-native bundle --platform {{平台}} --entry-file {{入口文件,一般命名index.js}} --bundle-output {{打包好的bundle存放路徑}} --assets-dest {{react native引用的資源文件置放路徑}}
    	
    react-native bundle --platform android --entry-file ./app/js/index.js --bundle-output app/src/main/assets/index.android.bundle --assets-dest app/src/main/res/
    
  3. 在Activity中,啟動該React Native Component的生命週期

    class ReactCommunicationActivity : AppCompatActivity() {	
        private var mReactRootView: ReactRootView? = null
        private var mReactInstanceManager: ReactInstanceManager? = null
        private var reactPackage: AndroidWidgetPackage? = null
        private var mClickTime = 0
    	
        override fun onCreate(savedInstanceState: Bundle?) {
            super.onCreate(savedInstanceState)
            setContentView(R.layout.activity_react_comunucatuin)
    	
            mReactRootView = ReactRootView(this)
            reactPackage = AndroidWidgetPackage()
            mReactInstanceManager = ReactInstanceManager.builder()
                    .setApplication(application)
                    .setBundleAssetName("index.android.bundle")
                    .setJSMainModulePath("index")
                    .addPackage(MainReactPackage())
                    .addPackage(reactPackage)   //加入AndroidModule
                    .setUseDeveloperSupport(BuildConfig.DEBUG)
                    .setInitialLifecycleState(LifecycleState.RESUMED)
                    .build()
    	
            // 注意這裡的MyReactNativeApp必須對應“index.android.js”中的
            // “AppRegistry.registerComponent()”的第一個參數
    //        mReactRootView!!.startReactApplication(mReactInstanceManager, "Communication3", null)
            react_root_view1.startReactApplication(mReactInstanceManager, "Communication2", null)
            react_root_view2.startReactApplication(mReactInstanceManager, "Communication3", null)
    	
    
	        //添加本地按鈕的點擊事件
	        native_btn.setOnClickListener {
	            reactPackage!!.getToastModule().sendMessage("這是一條Android發送給React的消息${mClickTime++}")
	        }
    	}
	}
  1. 測試,完工!

將現有的Android專案整React Native

// TODO


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