iT邦幫忙

2021 iThome 鐵人賽

DAY 8
0
自我挑戰組

開學之前....系列 第 17

Day18-13. Roman to Integer

今日題目:13. Roman to Integer(Easy)

Roman numerals are represented by seven different symbols: I, V, X, L, C, D and M.
For example, 2 is written as II in Roman numeral, just two one's added together. 12 is written as XII, which is simply X + II. The number 27 is written as XXVII, which is XX + V + II.

Roman numerals are usually written largest to smallest from left to right. However, the numeral for four is not IIII. Instead, the number four is written as IV. Because the one is before the five we subtract it making four. The same principle applies to the number nine, which is written as IX. There are six instances where subtraction is used:

I can be placed before V (5) and X (10) to make 4 and 9.
X can be placed before L (50) and C (100) to make 40 and 90.
C can be placed before D (500) and M (1000) to make 400 and 900.
Given a roman numeral, convert it to an integer.

Example 1:
Input: s = "III"
Output: 3

解題思路

My solution

class Solution:
def romanToInt(self, s: str) -> int:

    romanDict = {'I':1, 'V':5, 'X':10, 'L':50, 'C':100, 'D':500, 'M':1000}
    sum = 0
    prev = 0
    n = len(s)

    for i in s[::-1]:
        curr = romanDict[i]
        if prev > curr:
            sum -= curr
        else:
            sum += curr
        prev = curr
    
    return sum

Result

https://ithelp.ithome.com.tw/upload/images/20211003/201408433VEYXSAZu8.png


上一篇
Day17-238. Product of Array Except Self
下一篇
Day19-706. Design HashMap
系列文
開學之前....20

尚未有邦友留言

立即登入留言