iT邦幫忙

0

Nginx 首頁異常詢問

環境:
OS:CentOS 7.3 (1611)
Nginx:1.10.2
PHP:5.6.30
PHP-FPM:5.6.30
設定:
/etc/nginx/nginx.conf

user nginx;
worker_processes auto;
error_log /var/log/nginx/error.log;
pid /run/nginx.pid;

events {
    worker_connections 1024;
}

http {
    log_format  main  '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
                      '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
                      '"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';

    access_log  /var/log/nginx/access.log  main;

    sendfile            on;
    tcp_nopush          on;
    tcp_nodelay         on;
    keepalive_timeout   65;
    types_hash_max_size 2048;

    include             /etc/nginx/mime.types;
    default_type        application/octet-stream;

    include /etc/nginx/conf.d/*.conf;

    server {
        listen       80 default_server;
        listen       [::]:80 default_server;
        server_name  _;
        root         /var/www/html;

        include /etc/nginx/default.d/*.conf;

        location / {
        }

        error_page 404 /404.html;
            location = /40x.html {
        }

        error_page 500 502 503 504 /50x.html;
            location = /50x.html {
        }
    }
}

/etc/nginx/conf.d/web.conf

server {
    listen 80;
    server_name 192.168.1.2;
    location / {
        index index.html index.php index.htm;
        root /var/www/html;
    }

    location ~* /Web {
        alias //share/Web/;
        index index.html;
        location ~ .*/(imgs|javascripts|styles)/ {
            include /etc/nginx/mime.types;
        }
        location ~* .*\.(php|html)$ {
            if ($fastcgi_script_name ~* /Web/(.*\.php)$) {
                set $valid_fastcgi_script_name $1;
            }
            if ($fastcgi_script_name ~* /Web/(.*\.html)$) {
                set $valid_fastcgi_script_name $1;
            }
            fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php-fpm/php56-fpm.sock;
            fastcgi_index index.html;
            fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME /share/Web/$valid_fastcgi_script_name;
            include fastcgi_params;
        }
        location ~ \.php$ {
            fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php-fpm/php56-fpm.sock;
            fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
            include fastcgi_params;
        }
    }
}

需求:
想要讓使用者無論輸入 http://192.168.1.2/Web 或是 http://192.168.1.2/Web/ 時,都會自動連到 http://192.168.1.2/Web/index.html
問題:
但依目前這個設定值,最後網址都會變成 http://192.168.1.2/Web/index.html/index.html/index.html/index.html/index.html/index.html/index.html/index.html/index.html/index.html/index.html/index.html/ 這種網址,造成網頁找不到,還請各位大神協助指點迷津,謝謝。

1 個回答

3
bizpro
iT邦大師 1 級 ‧ 2017-06-23 13:34:32
最佳解答
  1. 通常用try_files讓Nginx去試找正確的檔案(try files), 如果找不到, 傳回404.
  2. 您用繼承的方式來設定location ~ /Web 區塊, 這並非區塊繼承的正確意義. location繼承必須是子路徑繼承, 以您的設定來看, 並無必要繼承.
  3. html傳給fastcgi是沒有意義的.
  4. 關於mimetypes的處理方式也不對.
  5. Nginx處理靜態資料很強大, 只須:
location ~* \.(js|css|png|jpg|jpeg|gif|swf|xml|txt)$ {

expires 14d;
}

6.同一台主機用socket來處理fastcgi是對的. 盡量不要用IP.
7.您使用alias, 表示路徑已取代了$document_root, 因此需要解開為:
fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$1;
這樣Nginx才能將php檔透過fastcgi交給php-fpm解譯.
如果您是初學, 建議您不要用虛擬路徑(如/Web).

以下的設定只是對應我的說明, 我並沒有時間驗證下面的設定, 也需要實際的環境,僅提供參考:

server {
    listen 80;
    server_name 192.168.1.2;
    index index.html index.php index.htm;
    location / {        
        root /var/www/html;
        try_files $uri $uri/ =404;
    }
    ...
    location ~* /Web/ {
        alias /share/Web/;
        try_files $uri $uri/ =404;
    }
    ...
    
    location ~* ^/Web/(.+\.php)$ { 
      alias /share/Web/;     
      fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php-fpm/php56-fpm.sock;
      fastcgi_index  index.php;
      fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  $document_root$1;
      include fastcgi_params;
    }
    
    location ~ \.php$ {
      fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+\.php)(/.+)$;
      fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php-fpm/php56-fpm.sock;
      fastcgi_index  index.php;
      fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
      include fastcgi_params;
      ...
    }
    ...
}

Google可以告訴您很多設定範例. 建議您從簡單的開始.
Nginx官方有基礎的設定:
https://www.nginx.com/resources/wiki/start/topics/examples/fastcgiexample/
https://www.nginx.com/resources/wiki/start/topics/examples/phpfcgi/
也有教學:
https://www.linode.com/docs/web-servers/nginx/install-and-configure-nginx-and-php-fastcgi-on-ubuntu-16-04
Joomla的Nginx例子:https://docs.joomla.org/nginx

我要發表回答

立即登入回答