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2018 iT 邦幫忙鐵人賽
DAY 9
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Modern Web

30天React從入門到入坑系列 第 9

DAY9:Conditional Rendering

Conditional Rendering簡單來說就是利用if或是conditional operator(三元運算子)來進行有條件式的描繪。主要運用我們先前提的state,因為state封裝在component裡用來表示目前的狀態,判斷state條件式的描繪。我們也可以從外部或者父元件傳參數進來,利用props來進行條件的判斷。

下例範例,睡覺時打開鬧鐘起床關閉鬧鐘,主要針對if和conditional operator進行撰寫,可以注意觀察state和props的用法。

src/AlarmClockControl.js

import React, { Component } from 'react';

class AlarmClockControl extends React.Component {
  constructor(props) {
    super(props);
    this.OpenAlarmClockClick = this.OpenAlarmClockClick.bind(this);
    this.CloseAlarmClockClick = this.CloseAlarmClockClick.bind(this);
    this.state = {isAlarm: false};
  }

  OpenAlarmClockClick() {
    this.setState({isAlarm: true});
  }

  CloseAlarmClockClick() {
    this.setState({isAlarm: false});
  }

  render() {
    const isAlarm = this.state.isAlarm;

    let button = null;
    if (isAlarm) {
      button = <ClockAlarmButton ring="off" onClick={this.CloseAlarmClockClick} />;
    } else {
      button = <ClockAlarmButton ring="on" onClick={this.OpenAlarmClockClick} />;
    }

    return (
      <div>
        <Action isAlarm={isAlarm} />
        {button}
      </div>
    );
  }
}

function Morning(props) {
  return <h1>Get up!</h1>;
}

function Night(props) {
  return <h1>Sleep zzz...</h1>;
}

function Action(props) {
  const isAlarm = props.isAlarm;
  if (isAlarm) {
    return <Morning />;
  }
  return <Night />;
}

function ClockAlarmButton(props) {
  return (
    <button onClick={props.onClick}>
      {props.ring==='on'?'Open Alarm Clock': 'Close Alarm Clock'}
    </button>
  );
}

export default AlarmClockControl;
src/index.js

import React from 'react';
import ReactDOM from 'react-dom';
import SayHi from './SayHi';
import AlarmClockControl from './AlarmClockControl';
import registerServiceWorker from './registerServiceWorker';

ReactDOM.render(<AlarmClockControl />, document.getElementById('root'));
registerServiceWorker();

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DAY8:Handling Events
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DAY10:react-router v4
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