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新手村-30 Day JS Coding Challenge系列 第 11

新手村11 - Custom Video Player

11 - Custom Video Player

俗話說的好,一天一蘋果,醫生遠離我

一天一 JS,What the f*ck JavaScript?

small steps every day - 記錄著新手村日記

完成目標

  • 功能
    • 和預設介面相同的功能
      • play、pause、跳到指定時間、音量調整、播放速度、往前10秒、往後5秒
  • 畫面
    • 縮起來剩下進度條
    • Hover整個出現

index_START.html

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
  <meta charset="UTF-8">
  <title>HTML Video Player</title>
  <link rel="stylesheet" href="style.css">
</head>
<body>

   <div class="player">
     <video class="player__video viewer" src="652333414.mp4"></video>

     <div class="player__controls">
       <div class="progress">
        <div class="progress__filled"></div>
       </div>
       <button class="player__button toggle" title="Toggle Play">►</button>
       <input type="range" name="volume" class="player__slider" min="0" max="1" step="0.05" value="1">
       <input type="range" name="playbackRate" class="player__slider" min="0.5" max="2" step="0.1" value="1">
       <button data-skip="-10" class="player__button">« 10s</button>
       <button data-skip="25" class="player__button">25s »</button>
     </div>
   </div>

  <script src="scripts.js"></script>
</body>
</html>

CSS

html {
  box-sizing: border-box;
}

*, *:before, *:after {
  box-sizing: inherit;
}

body {
  margin: 0;
  padding: 0;
  display: flex;
  background: #7A419B;
  min-height: 100vh;
  background: linear-gradient(135deg, #7c1599 0%,#921099 48%,#7e4ae8 100%);
  background-size: cover;
  align-items: center;
  justify-content: center;
}

.player {
  max-width: 750px;
  border: 5px solid rgba(0,0,0,0.2);
  box-shadow: 0 0 20px rgba(0,0,0,0.2);
  position: relative;
  font-size: 0;
  overflow: hidden;
}

/* This css is only applied when fullscreen is active. */
.player:fullscreen {
  max-width: none;
  width: 100%;
}

.player:-webkit-full-screen {
  max-width: none;
  width: 100%;
}

.player__video {
  width: 100%;
}

.player__button {
  background: none;
  border: 0;
  line-height: 1;
  color: white;
  text-align: center;
  outline: 0;
  padding: 0;
  cursor: pointer;
  max-width: 50px;
}

.player__button:focus {
  border-color: #ffc600;
}

.player__slider {
  width: 10px;
  height: 30px;
}

.player__controls {
  display: flex;
  position: absolute;
  bottom: 0;
  width: 100%;
  transform: translateY(100%) translateY(-5px);
  transition: all .3s;
  flex-wrap: wrap;
  background: rgba(0,0,0,0.1);
}

.player:hover .player__controls {
  transform: translateY(0);
}

.player:hover .progress {
  height: 15px;
}

.player__controls > * {
  flex: 1;
}

.progress {
  flex: 10;
  position: relative;
  display: flex;
  flex-basis: 100%;
  height: 5px;
  transition: height 0.3s;
  background: rgba(0,0,0,0.5);
  cursor: ew-resize;
}

.progress__filled {
  width: 50%;
  background: #ffc600;
  flex: 0;
  flex-basis: 50%;
}

/* unholy css to style input type="range" */

input[type=range] {
  -webkit-appearance: none;
  background: transparent;
  width: 100%;
  margin: 0 5px;
}

input[type=range]:focus {
  outline: none;
}

input[type=range]::-webkit-slider-runnable-track {
  width: 100%;
  height: 8.4px;
  cursor: pointer;
  box-shadow: 1px 1px 1px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0), 0 0 1px rgba(13, 13, 13, 0);
  background: rgba(255,255,255,0.8);
  border-radius: 1.3px;
  border: 0.2px solid rgba(1, 1, 1, 0);
}

input[type=range]::-webkit-slider-thumb {
  height: 15px;
  width: 15px;
  border-radius: 50px;
  background: #ffc600;
  cursor: pointer;
  -webkit-appearance: none;
  margin-top: -3.5px;
  box-shadow:0 0 2px rgba(0,0,0,0.2);
}

input[type=range]:focus::-webkit-slider-runnable-track {
  background: #bada55;
}

input[type=range]::-moz-range-track {
  width: 100%;
  height: 8.4px;
  cursor: pointer;
  box-shadow: 1px 1px 1px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0), 0 0 1px rgba(13, 13, 13, 0);
  background: #ffffff;
  border-radius: 1.3px;
  border: 0.2px solid rgba(1, 1, 1, 0);
}

input[type=range]::-moz-range-thumb {
  box-shadow: 0 0 0 rgba(0, 0, 0, 0), 0 0 0 rgba(13, 13, 13, 0);
  height: 15px;
  width: 15px;
  border-radius: 50px;
  background: #ffc600;
  cursor: pointer;
}

JS - step by step

首先可以估狗查一下在 HTML、JS 處理 Vedio 的方法上,是如何來進行操作的,分別可以看到 <video>: The Video Embed elementHTMLMediaElement

The Video Embed element:https://tinyurl.com/k8qo497

HTMLMediaElement:https://tinyurl.com/yxcx6wpq

<video controls width="250">

    <source src="/media/examples/flower.webm"
            type="video/webm">

    <source src="/media/examples/flower.mp4"
            type="video/mp4">

    Sorry, your browser doesn't support embedded videos.
</video>

在這個範例中,原作者想要將給個按鈕都能自己手刻、控制速度、音量大小、暫停、開始、快轉等等效果,但其實滿不實際的,第一個想到處理影片的方式一定是直接丟 Youtube 嵌入,把影片放在自己本地端有點吃資源

於是就查了一下如果影片在本地端,到底該如何使用呢?只要有個 class 叫做 controls 就可以了...

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
  <meta charset="UTF-8">
  <title>HTML Video Player</title>
  <link rel="stylesheet" href="style.css">
</head>
<body>

   <div class="player">
     <video class="player__video viewer" src="652333414.mp4" controls></video>

     <div class="player__controls">
       <div class="progress">
        <div class="progress__filled"></div>
       </div>
       <button class="player__button toggle" title="Toggle Play">►</button>
       <input type="range" name="volume" class="player__slider" min="0" max="1" step="0.05" value="1">
       <input type="range" name="playbackRate" class="player__slider" min="0.5" max="2" step="0.1" value="1">
       <button data-skip="-10" class="player__button">« 10s</button>
       <button data-skip="25" class="player__button">25s »</button>
     </div>
   </div>

  <script src="scripts.js"></script>
</body>
</html>

就大功告成啦!(欸~不是啦!雖然這樣很實際但還是尊重一下原本作者想要練習的東西嘛...

JS - Final

/* Get Our Elements */
const player = document.querySelector('.player');
const video = player.querySelector('.viewer');
const progress = player.querySelector('.progress');
const progressBar = player.querySelector('.progress__filled');
const toggle = player.querySelector('.toggle');
const skipButtons = player.querySelectorAll('[data-skip]');
const ranges = player.querySelectorAll('.player__slider');

/* Build out functions */
function togglePlay() {
  const method = video.paused ? 'play' : 'pause';
  video[method]();
}

function updateButton() {
  const icon = this.paused ? '►' : '❚ ❚';
  console.log(icon);
  toggle.textContent = icon;
}

function skip() {
 video.currentTime += parseFloat(this.dataset.skip);
}

function handleRangeUpdate() {
  video[this.name] = this.value;
}

function handleProgress() {
  const percent = (video.currentTime / video.duration) * 100;
  progressBar.style.flexBasis = `${percent}%`;
}

function scrub(e) {
  const scrubTime = (e.offsetX / progress.offsetWidth) * video.duration;
  video.currentTime = scrubTime;
}

/* Hook up the event listeners */
video.addEventListener('click', togglePlay);
video.addEventListener('play', updateButton);
video.addEventListener('pause', updateButton);
video.addEventListener('timeupdate', handleProgress);

toggle.addEventListener('click', togglePlay);
skipButtons.forEach(button => button.addEventListener('click', skip));
ranges.forEach(range => range.addEventListener('change', handleRangeUpdate));
ranges.forEach(range => range.addEventListener('mousemove', handleRangeUpdate));

let mousedown = false;
progress.addEventListener('click', scrub);
progress.addEventListener('mousemove', (e) => mousedown && scrub(e));
progress.addEventListener('mousedown', () => mousedown = true);
progress.addEventListener('mouseup', () => mousedown = false);

本刊同步於個人網站:http://chestertang.site/

本次範例程式碼原作者來源:https://tinyurl.com/yavm5f5n


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新手村10 - Hold Shift and Check Checkboxes
下一篇
新手村12 - Key Sequence Detection
系列文
新手村-30 Day JS Coding Challenge30

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