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2021 iThome 鐵人賽

DAY 5
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Software Development

建立Spring Boot吧!- 以建立Spring Boot專案了解後端流程系列 第 7

[DAY 7] Spring Boot 啟動原理

在昨天了解如何建立專案後,今天來說明SPring Boot的啟動原理

在不導入第三方library的情況下建立專案,專案除了Spring 的核心library以外,會自動產生[專案名]Application.java,在這裡我們以建立專案名demo為後面容易稱呼底下元件,而底下會建立DemoApplication.java。
建立出來的專案如下

import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;

@SpringBootApplication
public class DemoApplication {

	public static void main(String[] args) {
		SpringApplication.run(DemoApplication.class, args);
	}

}

首先先看main方法裡面的SpringApplication.run(Class<?> primarySource, String... args)方法

	/**
	 * Static helper that can be used to run a {@link SpringApplication} from the
	 * specified source using default settings.
	 * @param primarySource the primary source to load
	 * @param args the application arguments (usually passed from a Java main method)
	 * @return the running {@link ApplicationContext}
	 */
	public static ConfigurableApplicationContext run(Class<?> primarySource, String... args) {
		return run(new Class<?>[] { primarySource }, args);
	}

這方法回傳了ConfigurableApplicationContext元件,實際去呼叫run(Class<?>[] primarySources, String[] args)方法,繼續向下查詢看到以下結果

	/**
	 * Static helper that can be used to run a {@link SpringApplication} from the
	 * specified sources using default settings and user supplied arguments.
	 * @param primarySources the primary sources to load
	 * @param args the application arguments (usually passed from a Java main method)
	 * @return the running {@link ApplicationContext}
	 */
	public static ConfigurableApplicationContext run(Class<?>[] primarySources, String[] args) {
		return new SpringApplication(primarySources).run(args);
	}

這裡可以看到,呼叫了SpringApplication(Class<?>... primarySources)的constructor,並且執行了run(String... args) 方法,先來看constructor

/**
	 * Create a new {@link SpringApplication} instance. The application context will load
	 * beans from the specified primary sources (see {@link SpringApplication class-level}
	 * documentation for details. The instance can be customized before calling
	 * {@link #run(String...)}.
	 * @param primarySources the primary bean sources
	 * @see #run(Class, String[])
	 * @see #SpringApplication(ResourceLoader, Class...)
	 * @see #setSources(Set)
	 */
	public SpringApplication(Class<?>... primarySources) {
		this(null, primarySources);
	}

實際是呼叫了另一個constructor SpringApplication(ResourceLoader resourceLoader, Class<?>... primarySources)

/**
	 * Create a new {@link SpringApplication} instance. The application context will load
	 * beans from the specified primary sources (see {@link SpringApplication class-level}
	 * documentation for details. The instance can be customized before calling
	 * {@link #run(String...)}.
	 * @param resourceLoader the resource loader to use
	 * @param primarySources the primary bean sources
	 * @see #run(Class, String[])
	 * @see #setSources(Set)
	 */
	@SuppressWarnings({ "unchecked", "rawtypes" })
	public SpringApplication(ResourceLoader resourceLoader, Class<?>... primarySources) {
		this.resourceLoader = resourceLoader;
		Assert.notNull(primarySources, "PrimarySources must not be null");
		this.primarySources = new LinkedHashSet<>(Arrays.asList(primarySources));
		this.webApplicationType = WebApplicationType.deduceFromClasspath();
		this.bootstrapRegistryInitializers = getBootstrapRegistryInitializersFromSpringFactories();
		setInitializers((Collection) getSpringFactoriesInstances(ApplicationContextInitializer.class));
		setListeners((Collection) getSpringFactoriesInstances(ApplicationListener.class));
		this.mainApplicationClass = deduceMainApplicationClass();
	}

在這裡實現了SpringBoot核心的init設定

再來看run(String... args)方法

/**
	 * Run the Spring application, creating and refreshing a new
	 * {@link ApplicationContext}.
	 * @param args the application arguments (usually passed from a Java main method)
	 * @return a running {@link ApplicationContext}
	 */
	public ConfigurableApplicationContext run(String... args) {
		StopWatch stopWatch = new StopWatch();
		stopWatch.start();
		DefaultBootstrapContext bootstrapContext = createBootstrapContext();
		ConfigurableApplicationContext context = null;
		configureHeadlessProperty();
		SpringApplicationRunListeners listeners = getRunListeners(args);
		listeners.starting(bootstrapContext, this.mainApplicationClass);
		try {
			ApplicationArguments applicationArguments = new DefaultApplicationArguments(args);
			ConfigurableEnvironment environment = prepareEnvironment(listeners, bootstrapContext, applicationArguments);
			configureIgnoreBeanInfo(environment);
			Banner printedBanner = printBanner(environment);
			context = createApplicationContext();
			context.setApplicationStartup(this.applicationStartup);
			prepareContext(bootstrapContext, context, environment, listeners, applicationArguments, printedBanner);
			refreshContext(context);
			afterRefresh(context, applicationArguments);
			stopWatch.stop();
			if (this.logStartupInfo) {
				new StartupInfoLogger(this.mainApplicationClass).logStarted(getApplicationLog(), stopWatch);
			}
			listeners.started(context);
			callRunners(context, applicationArguments);
		}
		catch (Throwable ex) {
			handleRunFailure(context, ex, listeners);
			throw new IllegalStateException(ex);
		}

		try {
			listeners.running(context);
		}
		catch (Throwable ex) {
			handleRunFailure(context, ex, null);
			throw new IllegalStateException(ex);
		}
		return context;
	}

這裡利用SpringApplicationRunListeners.starting實現了監聽Configuration設定,另外是環境的容器化將properties設定引入,然後實際去ConfigurableApplicationContext的啟用,並監聽它

在簡單說明的DemoApplication.java的啟動方法後,明天來說明annotation的運作與功能


上一篇
[DAY 6] 建立Spring boot
系列文
建立Spring Boot吧!- 以建立Spring Boot專案了解後端流程7

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