iT邦幫忙

2019 iT 邦幫忙鐵人賽

DAY 1
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「解救英文苦難的IT人」系列文 Day 11
  • 在用生命在賺取收入而錢卻越來越難賺的時代,能不花錢學到某個專業人士在某個領域的多年經驗、知識、技巧、訣竅,是很好的事情。
  • 第一次接觸本系列的朋友,麻煩從第一篇開始看,因為有連貫性(後文內容常架構在前文之上,少了前文當基礎,可能無法理解)。

不少片語動詞適用於informal場合,生活情境便是如此

  • 我通常建議在談論抽象議題以前,能夠開口描述本身生活各主題與細節,學習應該循序漸進。
  • 片語動詞被廣泛運用在生活情境之中,參考精緻演說

片語動詞有兩個單字組成和三個單字結合而成,不論如何,都可區分為及物和不及物,其中及物片語動詞又有兩類,可分拆和不可拆(不及物一定都不可拆)。舉例比較容易看懂:

  • I work out in the park every day after work.不及物work out
  • I have to work out the research proposal by next Monday.及物work out可拆=... work the research proposal out ...
  • More and more people are willing to spend more time working on their fitness.及物work on不可拆
  • My way to work off anxiety is to sleep.及物work off可拆=... work anxiety off ...
  • I don't think that anyone would put up with drunk driving.及物put up with不可拆
  • Many times I forget to put my glasses on when reading newspapers.及物put on可拆=... put on my glasses ...
  • From that moment on, I looked up to our team leader for her patience and thoughtfulness.及物look up to不可拆
  • I was asked to work overtime because the project fell behind schedule.及物fall behind不可拆
  • I don't have a natural talent for drawing sketches, and I don't believe I can make up for it with hard work. The reason is simple. I am not artistic.及物make up for不可拆
  • If I fall behind, please stop running and wait for me.不及物fall behind
  • I guess he will take up your invitation.及物take up可拆=take your invitation up
  • I am considering whether to take up the new position as a marketing manager.及物take up可拆但是受詞過長不宜放在take和up之間
  • A: They offered me a new position. B: Will you take it up?由於受詞是代名詞,一定要放在take和up之間,亦即take up it是錯誤的

片語動詞數量多到可以出一本厚重的書了。拋磚引玉介紹幾個我覺得還不錯的片語動詞給大家。

下一單元要引導大家進入稍長、稍複雜的句子結構,培養使用多種句子結構的習慣,讓口說與寫作有豐富的句子結構,足以搭配豐富的想法,合併成有溝通成效又令人刮目相看的英文水準


下一篇
IT人的英文口說大改造:基本觀念與實現(上) Day 12
系列文
三十天翻轉英文弱底、三十天強化英文口說,寫給英文苦難的IT人7

1 則留言

0
AlanChao
iT邦見習生 0 級 ‧ 2019-02-19 23:25:18

請問第一篇內容版主你刪掉了~那文章可以在其他平胎或部落格看到嗎?

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