DAY 8
0

# 邏輯斯回歸 Logistic regression

Logistic 函數

from sklearn import datasets
import pandas as pd
import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import seaborn as sns
%matplotlib inline
x = pd.DataFrame(iris['data'], columns=iris['feature_names'])
print("target_names: "+str(iris['target_names']))
y = pd.DataFrame(iris['target'], columns=['target'])
iris_data = pd.concat([x,y], axis=1)
iris_data = iris_data[['sepal length (cm)','petal length (cm)','target']]
iris_data = iris_data[iris_data['target'].isin([0,1])]
from sklearn.model_selection import train_test_split
X_train, X_test, y_train, y_test = train_test_split(
iris_data[['sepal length (cm)','petal length (cm)']], iris_data[['target']], test_size=0.3, random_state=0)
len(X_train)
X_test
len(X_test)
from sklearn.preprocessing import StandardScaler

sc = StandardScaler()
sc.fit(X_train)
X_train_std = sc.transform(X_train)
X_test_std = sc.transform(X_test)
X_train_std
from IPython.display import Math
Math(r'z=w^Tx')
Math(r'\phi{(z)}=\frac{1}{1+e^{-z}}')
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import numpy as np

def sigmoid(z):
return 1.0 / (1.0 + np.exp(-z))

z = np.arange(-7, 7, 0.1)
phi_z = sigmoid(z)

plt.plot(z, phi_z)
plt.axvline(0.0, color='k')
plt.ylim(-0.1, 1.1)
plt.xlabel('z')
plt.ylabel('$\phi (z)$')

# y axis ticks and gridline
plt.yticks([0.0, 0.5, 1.0])
ax = plt.gca()
ax.yaxis.grid(True)

plt.tight_layout()
# plt.savefig('./figures/sigmoid.png', dpi=300)
plt.show()
y_train['target'].values
from sklearn.linear_model import LogisticRegression
lr = LogisticRegression()
lr.fit(X_train_std,y_train['target'].values)
from matplotlib.colors import ListedColormap

def plot_decision_regions(X, y, classifier, test_idx=None, resolution=0.02):

# setup marker generator and color map
markers = ('s', 'x', 'o', '^', 'v')
colors = ('red', 'blue', 'lightgreen', 'gray', 'cyan')
cmap = ListedColormap(colors[:len(np.unique(y))])

# plot the decision surface
x1_min, x1_max = X[:, 0].min() - 1, X[:, 0].max() + 1
x2_min, x2_max = X[:, 1].min() - 1, X[:, 1].max() + 1
xx1, xx2 = np.meshgrid(np.arange(x1_min, x1_max, resolution),
np.arange(x2_min, x2_max, resolution))
Z = classifier.predict(np.array([xx1.ravel(), xx2.ravel()]).T)
Z = Z.reshape(xx1.shape)
plt.contourf(xx1, xx2, Z, alpha=0.4, cmap=cmap)
plt.xlim(xx1.min(), xx1.max())
plt.ylim(xx2.min(), xx2.max())

for idx, cl in enumerate(np.unique(y)):
plt.scatter(x=X[y == cl, 0],
y=X[y == cl, 1],
alpha=0.6,
c=cmap(idx),
edgecolor='black',
marker=markers[idx],
label=cl)

# highlight test samples
if test_idx:
# plot all samples
if not versiontuple(np.__version__) >= versiontuple('1.9.0'):
X_test, y_test = X[list(test_idx), :], y[list(test_idx)]
else:
X_test, y_test = X[test_idx, :], y[test_idx]

plt.scatter(X_test[:, 0],
X_test[:, 1],
c='',
alpha=1.0,
edgecolor='black',
linewidths=1,
marker='o',
s=55, label='test set')
plot_decision_regions(X_train_std, y_train['target'].values, classifier=lr)
plt.xlabel('sepal length (cm) [standardized]')
plt.ylabel('petal width [standardized]')
plt.legend(loc='upper left')
plt.tight_layout()
plt.show()